Tonsillitis and sore throat in adults

Tonsillitis and sore throat: Irritation and possible burns can be felt in the throat, enough to affect swallowing ability. The patient has difficulty swallowing, especially solid food. This sore throat is often accompanied by other typical cold symptoms: fever, runny nose, cough, hoarseness. One can observe swollen lymph nodes in the neck, unpleasant breath, or difficulty breathing.

Tonsillitis and sore throat in adultsHowever, it is important to know that if all sore throats are sore throats, some very painful sore throats may incur risks.

What causes a sore throat?
This sore throat is various possible causes:
Inflammation of the tonsils that take on a red color (red angina) or covered with a white deposit (tonsillitis).
A sore throat caused by a too dry air, dust, or tobacco smoke.
Sore throat after we talked too much or shouted.
Inflammation due to the passage of an unusual object (fishbone, for example).
Irritation due to gastro esophageal reflux.
A cold accompanied by a runny nose and cough (tracheitis or nasopharyngitis).
Inflammation of the larynx (laryngitis) accompanied by hoarseness, dry cough and fever.
Other rarer infections: mononucleosis, measles, and diphtheria, for example.

What are the possible complications of sore throat?
This is the cause of sore throat that determines the possible complications. Sometimes a sore throat due to a cold or a sore throat respectively evolves sinusitis or abscess when it has not been processed. Some bacterial tonsillitis can cause serious long-term complications, such as infection of the heart valves.

What to do in case of sore throat?
Drink lots. Sweetened teas with honey can be useful to soothe sore throat.
In case of severe pain on swallowing, take liquid foods, boiled or mashed such as soups, semolina, compotes, etc.
Avoid acidic foods (citrus, tomatoes, vinegar, for example) and salty (chips or crackers for an appetizer, etc.).
Suck honey sweets or chew gum. Saliva actually contains antibodies that help fight infection.
If sore throat is severe, taking an analgesic drug for a limited time can ease the pain.

When to see a doctor in case of sore throat?
Consult a doctor in the day when the sore throat is unbearable or is accompanied by other symptoms (fever, headache, difficulty breathing, vomiting, etc.).
Consult a doctor in the coming days if the pain does not improve after 48 hours of self-medication.

What does the doctor in case of sore throat?
It conducts a substantive examination of the throat to determine the cause of the condition. If the tonsils are inflamed, it can also conduct a smear their surface (rapid diagnostic test for strep throat) to determine which bacteria are involved and thus offer the most appropriate treatment.

How to relieve a sore throat?
Local treatments of very intense sore throat and fever are not numerous. They are in the form of mouthwashes, troches, or lozenges. They contain antibacterial that have an antiseptic action, local anesthetics have analgesic action or plant extracts for soothing sight. Drugs containing a local anesthetic could disrupt swallowing and thus cause "false-roads" (passage of food into the airway): Do not take just before a meal.

In case of painful inflammation, it is possible to take an analgesic containing paracetamol or a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Some NSAIDs (niflumic acid Tiaprofenic acid) are specifically indicated in the treatment of painful inflammation of the throat. In the case of a bacterial infection confirmed or strongly suspected, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics by mouth.

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